Butte County, as of the 2010 census, the population was 220,000. The county seat is Oroville.
The county comprises the Chico, Paradise and Oroville metropolitan areas. It is located in the Central Valley of California, north of Sacramento. Butte County is known as the "Land of Natural Wealth and Beauty."
Butte County is watered by the Feather River and the Sacramento River. Butte Creek and Big Chico Creek are additional perennial streams, both tributary to the Sacramento. The county is the home of California State University, Chico and of Butte Community College.
There are four major hospitals and the State of California defines Butte County as being inside Health Service Area. A special district, the Butte County Air Quality Management District, regulates airborne pollutant emissions in the county. It does this following regional regulations, state, and federal laws. For example, in recent years, the agency changed rules that used to allow residents to burn household trash outdoors.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,677 square miles, of which 1,636 square miles is land and 41 square miles (2.4%) is water.